ABERDEEN BUILT SHIPS


Name
ECLIPSE
Construction
WOOD
Type
Whaler, Screw Steamer
Date
1867
Official Number
55345
Description
Yard Number: 250
Screw Ship

1867 Built by A Hall & Co, Aberdeen for Capt. David Gray, master and shipowner. Registered at Peterhead.

Later owned by: Alexander & Anderson, Peterhead

Aberdeen Journal, 15/9/1869:
Eclipse returned to Aberdeen from Greenland last week.

Dundee Courier, 7/2/1873:
Mr Frank Buckland (campaigner against seal fishing) published in the Times, facts with regard to seal fishing sent him by Captain David Gray, master of screw steamer Eclipse, one of principal vessels which sail annually from Scotland in pursuit of whales and seals. "On the seals being reached, the men are sent over the ice, the harpooners armed with rifles, the other men with seal clubs, knife and steel; also a rope to drag the skins to the ship, and now a work of brutal murder and cruelty goes on" [follows detailed and graphic account of seal hunting] Buckland calls for interantional treaty among sealing vessels (20 from Scotland, 15-20 Norway, 2 Germany) to extend close season by 17 days. Presumably to delay start of season till pups less dependent on their mothers.

Aberdeen Weekly Journal, 8/11/1876:
Steamer City of Aberdeen, going to the shears for repair, became entangled with Peterhead whaling steamer Eclipse, in position for getting new boilers. Tug Heatherbell was employed for 2 hours extricating the vessels, fortunately without serious injury to either.

Aberdeen Weekly Journal, 10/3/1879:
Peterhead sealing fleet - Steamer Eclipse, Captain D. Gray, left Greenland.

Dundee Courier, 27/7/1881:
Steamer Eclipse, of Peterhead, arrived there from Greenland fishing and reports herself almost full - 3100 seals, 30 Bottlenoses, and 14 whales.

1891 Made last voyage from Peterhead. Sold to Dundee at end of year.

Dundee Courier, 30/9/1898:
At Dundee J.P. Court John Duncan, Steward, and Cumming Taylor, harpooner, were charged with having imported by the whaling steamer Eclipse 75 lbs manufactured Cavendish tobacco. Defence solicitor argued they were in habit of bartering with the natives and were allowed by government to have a certain amount of tobacco for this purpose, each fined £12 or 2 months imprisonment (1/10/1898 - fines paid.).

Courier and Argus, 26/4/1900:
The last of the whaling fleet for the Greenland and Davis Straits whale fishing left Dundee, when the steamer Eclipse, under command of Capt. Milne, left for latter place. Her departure was witnessed by hundreds of people. Hearty cheers were raised and customary "blessing" of oranges thrown aboard the steamer.

1909 Sold to Norway then Russia. Renamed LOMONASSOV and used as Artic exploration ship until 1930’s. It was finally sunk in 1941 during a German air raid on Archangel'sk, while working as a Russian oceanographic vessel.

The first Aberdeen whalers sailed to the Arctic in 1752. By the early 19th century, 14 vessels went regularly to hunt the Greenland Right Whale. Its blubber provided lamp oil while whalebone, used in dressmaking, was also prized. Whaling was a risky business: vessels were sometimes crushed by ice. Others returned clean, with no catch. By the 1830s, overfishing had seriously affected the industry and Aberdeen vessels gradually abandoned the trade.
Shipbuilder
A. HALL & Co.
Dimensions
length 141' 5" x breadth 29' 4" x depth 16' 3"
Gross Tonnage: 434 ton Net, 296 tons Gross

  © 2006 - 2018 Aberdeen City Council